Autism in Children

There are four types of autism including, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger Syndrome, Pervasive developmental disorder and atypical autism. Symptoms and treatment of autism vary widely, dependent on the individual. Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) which affects normal brain function, impairing social and communication abilities. Early detection is essential and so that parents of autistic children can capitalize on the many treatment options available.

Asperger’s syndrome symptoms are an anxiety disorder, nonverbal disorder, dislike in any change of routine, overstimulated by loud noises, delayed motor development while that of Rett syndrome include slowed development, problem with hand movement, no language skill and trouble with breathing.

One of the autism symptoms is a child’s inability to socialize, exhibiting bad behavior, poor communication skills, and in some cases, not being able to communicate at all. The most common autism symptoms include slow development, avoids eye contact, non-responsive or appears to ignore you and much more.

Autism affects 0.6% of children in the United Kingdom at the cost of nearly two million per person over a lifetime. The parents of autistic children face big indirect costs annually which could reach into the thousands. It has been told that autism is a silent epidemic because of the severe increase of autism cases each year, yet the cause of autism remains unknown.

Once it has been precisely diagnosed, a team of medical specialist can work jointly to design individualized programmers specially tailored for the child’s particular needs. Structured, behaviorally based programs, geared to the child’s interests have shown some promise. Most behavioral treatment programs include: providing clear instructions to the child, encouraged performing specific behaviors, Immediate praise and reward to encourage certain behaviors and communication skills to interact with others.

Support and care for autistic individuals have never been better. With increasing technologies and treatment facilities, autism is not a disease to be shunned and wrapped up. Various behaviorist treatments include oral medications, therapy and behavioral classes, motivational workshops or a combination of one or many. Over the years two new behavioral treatment mechanisms have been doing wonders across the United Kingdom- Early Start Denver Model and the Pavlovas Model based on Applied Behavior Analysis. Various treatment techniques have come from healthy eating habits and regular exercise schemes.

According to consultant pediatrician  Dr Chelvi Kukendrarajah, the different therapies involved in the treatment for autism include physical, speech, music and occupational therapy. These procedures can be used to serve different purposes in the development of an autistic child. While speech therapy can be used to assist in the improvement of language and communication skill of a child, thereby helping them to become more social, physical and occupational therapy can help in developing motor and coordination skills. Music therapy can be highly beneficial in improving behavioral patterns and social awareness in autistic children and adults.

Outside of occupational therapy kids can take advantage of camps, programs and classes that are structured and created specifically for their needs. They can also visit a variety of sensory gyms in their local area to have a place to have fun and play. Many times kids who visit these sensory gyms learn that the equipment at the gym is similar to what they use at their therapist’s office, giving them the confidence to know the equipment is safe and fun.